Objections to evolution have been raised since evolutionary ideas came to prominence in the 19th century.
When Charles Darwin published his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, his theory of evolution (the idea that species arose through descent with modification from a single common ancestor in a process driven by natural selection) initially met opposition from scientists with different theories, but eventually came to receive overwhelming acceptance in the scientific community.
The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution. The response to creationism (and its intelligent-design incarnation) has included several excellent books (e.g., Alters and Alters 2001, Pennock 2001, Pigliucci 2002, Scott 2009) and institutional statements (e.g., NAS 2008).
“The affinities of all the beings of the same class have sometimes been represented by a great tree.
I believe this simile largely speaks the truth…” The tree-of-life concept was absolutely central to Darwin’s thinking, equal in importance to natural selection, according to biologist W.
Charles Darwin's theory of evolution gained widespread acceptance as a description of the origin of species, but there was continued resistance to his views on the significance of natural selection as the mechanism of evolution.
Evolutionary ideas came to prominence in the early 19th century with the theory of the transmutation of species put forward by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
The London Artifact is an iron hammer, surrounded by a solid mass of cretaceous rock.
The family who found the hammer, filed the metal to see if it was really metal; the spot has not rusted yet, even though it has been about forty-five years.
This hammer contains 96% iron, 2.6% chlorine, and 0.74% sulfur.
The quality of which equals or exceeds the quality of any iron found today.
In chapters 3 and 4, he moves into macro-evolution (the real area of conflict), describing the bases of radioactive dating and the temporal orderliness of the fossil record.
Chapter 5, on rapid contemporary evolution (microevolution), is excellent, though it seems somewhat out of place amongst the macroevolutionary chapters.
But in this sesquicentennial anniversary of Among Dawkins's strengths are his command of evolutionary science and his vivid metaphors, his wicked wit, and his ability to present the reader with a thoroughly enjoyable stage performance rather than a classroom lecture. After the opening chapter in which he explains that evolution is both a scientific theory and a fact—both words are suitably defined and analyzed—Dawkins launches into the subject the way Darwin did: with artificial selection, then natural selection.