Schneider Some Crow traditionalists believe that the world, the animals and all humans were created by a wise and powerful being named Old Man Coyote.
This article was originally printed in The Sciences, a publication of The New York Academy of Sciences, July/August 2000.
"Recent archaeological findings have led to revolutionary new theories about the First Americans - and to a tug-of-war between scientists and contemporary Native Americans" By Robson Bonnichsen and Alan L.
Archaeologists, meanwhile, take a different view of how people first appeared in the Americas.
Although they are sharply divided about the details, they are convinced by the archaeological record that the original peoples of the Americas migrated from elsewhere.
Estimation of absolute dates becomes possible for the second half of the 3rd millennium BC.
For the first half of the 3rd millennium, only very rough chronological matching of archaeological dates with written records is possible.When it comes to human settlement, the New World is an also-ran. The Homo genus spent millions of years evolving in East Africa and the rest of the Old World.But the first accepted date for humans in the Americas is 12,000 years back.The middle chronology (reign of Hammurabi 1792–1750 BC) is commonly encountered in literature and early twenty-first century dendrochronology has essentially disproved the short chronology.For much of the period in question, middle chronology dates can be calculated by adding 64 years to the corresponding short chronology date (e.g.The types of bird beaks, the colors of moths, leg sizes, etc. Each type and length of beak a finch can have is already in the gene pool and adaptive mechanisms of finches.