Beneath the rubble of a building they found a hoard of nine copper coins dating to around 614 CE, when a Persian empire briefly reigned in Jerusalem just before the rise of Islam.The Byzantine site, located next to the modern town of Ein Nakuba, was a waypoint situated along the main Christian pilgrim route leading from the coast to the holy city, said Israel Antiquities Authority archaeologist Annette Landes-Naggar, who announced the discovery to the press Sunday.
Following a Persian revolt, Cyrus II, King of Persia, conquered Ecbatana, capital of the Median Empire, in 546 BC, founding the Achaemenid Empire as Cyrus the Great.
The rise of the Persian Empire coincided with the rise of Zoroastrianism, a major monotheistic religion that would eventually become the national religion of Persia prior to the arrival of Islam.
[Less] As a Persian army supported by a horde of Jewish rebels marched on Jerusalem in 614 CE, Christians inhabiting a town on the main route inland to the city hid a hoard of valuables in the hope of returning in more peaceful times.
Fast-forward 1,400 years to the summer of 2016, when Israeli engineers were widening that same highway, running from the Mediterranean past Abu Ghosh west of the capital, and archaeologists were called in to excavate some Byzantine ruins.
The Rise of Persia It was the Medes who were the first to form an Iranian nation, and the Median Empire, established in around 625 BC, included most of modern-day Iran and stretched from Cappadocia (in modern-day Turkey) to Bactria, near the River Indus (in modern-day Pakistan).
During this time, Persia was a vassal kingdom within the Median Empire, although the Persian and Median ruling dynasties were inter-related.
The rare coins date to the Byzantine period, approximately the seventh century.
Archaeologists discovered them inside a two-story building, near large stones that had collapsed. The imperial figures are dressed for battle and carrying crosses, and the coins' denominations are printed on the reverse sides, along with the letter "M," according to IAA representatives.
Malek National Library and Museum Institution – is a Research and Cultural Center of the holy shrine of the Eighth Imam of Shia Muslims, Imam Reza (A. Coming out of the subway you should get to the Imam Khomeini Avenue and go to the west, towards the Melal-e Mottahed Street, also known as the United Nations Street.
The museum will be on the right side, at the intersection of Imam Khomeini Avenue and Yarjani Street. Box: 11155/547 Phone: 98 21 66 72 66 13 98 21 66 72 66 53 (operator) 98 21 66 75 12 91 (Public Relations Department) Fax: 98 21 66 70 59 74 E-mail: [email protected]: (English version) Director of the National Library and the Museum of the Institute Malik: Seyed Mohammad Hosseini Mojtaba (Seyed Mohammad Mojtaba Hosseini) Managing Director of Malek National Library and Institute: Seyed Mohammad Mojtaba Hosseini Head of Museums Office: Reza Dabirinezhad Working Hours: Normal hours are 8 a.m. every day of the year except Friday and Religious Holidays.
During the excavation last summer, archaeologists dug up the remains of a basilica, a monumental building and an adjacent winepress.