The geographic border between the two groups, based on dialect is the Shkumbin River.The Gheg dialect is mostly spoken, along with the Albanians of Croatia (Arbanasi), Kosovo, Montenegro, and northwestern Macedonia.
Albania was also deeply culturally influenced by Turkey and to a lesser extent other Ottoman territories during the period, and much of this influence remains visible today in culinary traditions, architecture, music and many other forms of cultural expression.
Towards the end of the Ottoman era in the 19th century, relations between the Albanian territories and the Ottoman center rapidly deteriorated due to a number of factors.
Albanian culture grew from that of the Illyrians, with their pagan beliefs and specific way of life in the wooded areas of far Southern Europe.
The Albanians can be divided into two cultural and linguistic groups such as the northern Ghegs and the southern Tosks.
Turkey is one of Albania's largest investors and trading partners being a main donor contributing to much infrastructure investment and development that strongly supported Albanian membership in NATO, achieved in 2009.
Many Albanians during the Ottoman period converted to the official religion Islam and contributed through administrative, political and military positions to the Ottoman empire and culturally to the wider Muslim world.Albanian–Turkish relations have traditionally been friendly due to pragmatic, geographical, historical and religious factors and the existence of a large Albanian diaspora in Turkey.During the interwar and Cold War periods, bilateral relations at times experienced tensions and disagreements due to ideological and geopolitical circumstances of either country.The Austrian team, which was directed by Erwin Pochmarski and Manfred Lehner, is obliged to six students of the University of Graz for the great engagement and efficiency they showed within more than 800 unpaid hours.Four Albanian students completed the Albanian-Austrian excavation team.In October 2012, Commission recommended that Albania be granted EU candidate status, subject to completion of key measures in the areas of judicial and public administration reform and revision of the parliamentary rules of procedures.